Freedom Riders were groups of white and African American civil rights activists who participated in Freedom Rides, bus trips through the American South in to protest segregated bus terminals. The groups were confronted by arresting police officers—as well as horrific violence from white protestors—along their routes, but also drew international attention to the civil rights movement. During the action, African American and white bus riders tested the U. Supreme Court decision in Morgan v.
June 8, Freedom Riders Arrested - Zinn Education Project
They had traveled from New Orleans to Jackson, Mississippi, where they were arrested and taken to the notorious Parchman State Penitentiary. When most of the demonstrators were arrested in North Carolina, the police effectively aborted the Journey of Reconciliation. Teaching Activity. By Adam Sanchez. Rethinking Schools. A series of role plays that explore the history and evolution of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, including freedom rides and voter registration. Book — Non-fiction.
Founded by activists associated with the Fellowship of Reconciliation FOR , an interfaith pacifist organization, the group was influenced greatly by the teachings of Gandhi and, in the early s, worked to integrate Chicago restaurants and businesses using sit-ins and other nonviolent actions, according to the Martin Luther King Jr. Research and Education Institute at Stanford University. By the end of , many CORE chapters were disbanded, but, according to the Chicago Public Library , the organization found new dedication following the Brown v.
In organizing the Freedom Rides, the Congress of Racial Equality CORE was building upon earlier efforts of other civil rights organizations, including the "Journey of Reconciliation," an integrated bus ride through the segregated Upper South. The purpose of the Freedom Rides was to test if bus station facilities in the Deep South were complying with U. Supreme Court decisions: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka had reversed the infamous "separate but equal" doctrine in public education, and Morgan v.