The most common type of dwarfism is achondroplasia pronounced: ay-kon-dreh-PLAY-zyuh. Most types of dwarfism are caused by a genetic change mutation in an egg or sperm cell that happens before the start of pregnancy conception. Others happen because of a genetic change s inherited from one or both parents. Genetic changes happen randomly. There is nothing a parent could do before or during pregnancy to prevent this change from happening. A genetic counselor can help determine the chances of having a child with dwarfism.
How are the terms "dwarf," "little person," and "person of short stature" commonly used?
What is Dwarfism? | Big Enough | POV | PBS
Midget , in human anatomy, a person of very small stature whose bodily proportions, intelligence, and sexual development are within the normal range. Diminutive stature occurs sporadically in families the rest of whose members are of ordinary size. The children of midgets are usually of ordinary height and proportions. This term is often considered pejorative; the term proportionate dwarf is now preferred.
Dwarfism is short stature that results from a genetic or medical condition. Dwarfism is generally defined as an adult height of 4 feet 10 inches centimeters or less. The average adult height among people with dwarfism is 4 feet cm. Many different medical conditions cause dwarfism. In general, the disorders are divided into two broad categories:.
The best thing you can call our daughter is "Rebecca" or "Becky. Everything else -- "little person," "LP," "dwarf," "person with dwarfism," "achon," "hey you," -- falls somewhere in between. Before we started attending LPA meetings, my wife Barbara and I would have guessed that dwarf and "midget" were equally offensive or inoffensive , and that little person , a term with which we were vaguely aware, was probably the most acceptable. It turns out to be a whole lot more complicated than that. Once, at an LPA parents' meeting, I heard an average-size mother say that she nearly burst into tears of rage the first time someone referred to her dwarf child as a "midget".