A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors, like smoking or diet, can be changed. Several factors can affect your risk of anal cancer. But having a risk factor, or even several risk factors, does not mean that you will get cancer. Many people with risk factors will never develop anal cancer, while others with this disease may have few or no known risk factors.
Your risk of developing anal cancer depends on many things, including age and lifestyle factors. Having HPV is the biggest risk factor for anal cancer. Most of us have HPV at some point during our life. But for most people it won't cause anal cancer.
What are anal warts? Anal warts, also known as condyloma, are growths found on the skin around the anus rectal opening or in the lower rectum. What causes anal warts?
Anal warts are small warts that can occur inside and around the anus. The condition is also called condyloma acuminata. Anal warts are a form of genital warts. However, they can become irritating if they grow large enough, and might itch or bleed. If no symptoms occur, people with anal warts may not even know they have them.